As we will see below, a recent announcement by NATO commanders that rules for air strikes have been changed to reduce the risk of civilian casualties appearas to be mere propaganda.
Here's the claim, courtesy of Reuters:
NATO Troops To Retreat If Afghan Civilians At RiskThe Washington Post has some pertinent details:
KABUL, Oct 14 (Reuters) - NATO has ordered its troops in Afghanistan to pull back from firefights with the Taliban rather than call in air strikes that might kill civilians, Afghan and NATO officials said...
NATO defense ministers endorsed the restriction at a summit in Budapest last week after three U.S. air strikes killed more than 100 Afghan civilians in the three months...
If there is a risk to civilians, troops have now been ordered to withdraw if they can, rather than order bombings that would earn a short-term victory but boost Taliban opponents in the longer term.
That should lead to a drop in the number of air strikes, which are up sharply from last year, said a spokesman for NATO's International Security Assistance Force (ISAF).
ISAF chief U.S. General David McKiernan has also told his officers that as far as possible all operations should be conducted alongside Afghan forces, an ISAF spokesman said...
"There will be no uninvited entry into an Afghan house or a mosque without having the lead from the Afghan Army unless there is a clear danger that comes from that house," said ISAF spokesman Brigadier General Richard Blanchette. (link)
NATO Modifies Airstrike Policy In AfghanistanThe order, expected to lessen air strikes, was given by Gen David McKiernan sometime before September 8. Have air strikes lessened since the new order was issued? The data say no.
Commanders Told to Consider Alternatives
By Candace Rondeaux
Washington Post Foreign Service
KABUL, Oct. 15 -- In a bow to public outrage over a recent spate of U.S.-led airstrikes in Afghanistan that resulted in more than 100 civilian deaths, NATO officials have ordered commanders to try to lessen their reliance on air power...
Brig. Gen. Richard Blanchette, NATO's chief spokesman in Afghanistan, said commanders are now under orders to consider a "tactical withdrawal" when faced with the choice of calling in air support during clashes in areas where civilians are believed to be present...
U.S. Gen. David D. McKiernan, top commander of NATO forces in Afghanistan, issued the new order early last month. (link)
The US Air Force issues airpower summaries nearly every day on their website. These summaries relate the number of close air support (CAS) missions in Afghanistan as well as Iraq. Back in 2006, the average number of CAS missions in Afghanistan was about 40 per day. By 2008, the average had risen to about 70. So, let's look at what happened both before after the new order took effect.
Here are the reported numbers of CAS missions from August 1 to 10 (no Aug 8 airpower summary was issued):
67, 69, 69, 45, 70, 74, 72, 78, 60. Avg= 59.4
For reasons unknown to me, the daily airpower summaries stopped from August 10 to September 7. Now, here are the first nine reported totals after reporting recommenced on September 7. (Keep in mind, the new order was given in early September, as per above.):
44, 70, 77, 74, 81, 51, 74, 68, 72. Avg= 67.9
And now the nine most recent reports, up to October 16:
69, 70, 47, 70, 71, 68, 66, 70, 72. Avg= 67
So, before the new rules took effect, there were actually fewer CAS missions than there were after the rules took effect.
- (August 2007) Invited by CIDA to audit their projects in Afghanistna, the Senlis Council finds a near-total lack of progress. "[W]e could not find evidence of CIDA's work, or CIDA-funded work that matched the information given to us by CIDA", said the NGO's director.
- (January 2008) Despite frequent claims by NATO and US military officials that the Taliban includes many foreigners, the US-run prison in Bagram which holds the most dangerous prisoners reports only 30 foreigners out of 630.
- (August 2008) Canada's ambassador to Afghanistan claims that NATO forces have reduced the number of civilians killed by their troops. Red Cross figures reveal this to be a lie.
- (August 2008) While NATO and Canadian officials claimed that Operation Medusa of September 2006 put Taliban fighters "on their back foot," declassified documents reveal that the insurgents amassed a force of 600 fighters only 10 months after that battle.
- (September 2008) After American officials repeatedly denied having killed civilians in Herat province, video emerges showing numerous dead civilians. Later, US officials would belatedly acknowledge the slaughter.